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Surgical Oncology Study: Prostate Cancer Recurrence Prevention

Posted by floriza in Surgical Oncology

A surgical oncology study conducted by the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine and published in The Journal of Experimental Medicine in November 2011 has found a new way to prevent recurrences of prostate cancer after treatment. The researchers believe that the findings could eventually lead to a new therapy.

The study, which was conducted on mice, showed that a particular protein can cause cancer cells to hibernate and stop growing and spreading. It appears to work on remaining cancer cells in the prostate. When the researchers removed the protein, the cancer cells began to grow and spread again.

Obviously, further studies would have to be conducted on humans to find out if a viable treatment using this protein could be developed.

Robotic Prostate Surgery

Nevertheless, the researchers still stressed that surgical oncology is the best course of action for many cases of prostate cancer after the tumors have been detected. Dr. David Samadi, who is Vice Chairman of he Department of Urology at Mount Sinai Medical Center, has created a robotic technique called SMART (Samadi Modified Advanced Robotic Technique) which removes the prostate without greatly disturbing other areas.

Other Types of Surgical Oncology for Prostate Cancer

There area a number of surgical oncology techniques for the removal of a cancerous prostate gland. The prostate is a male reproductive gland that becomes enlarged to some degree in almost all men as they age. Prostate cancer is quite common and is not fatal in all cases.

Besides removal of the prostate, some lymph nodes may be found to contain tumors as well, in which case they must also be removed. Radiation treatments are sometimes prescribed as well after or in lieu of surgery.

Radical prostatectomy is a surgical oncology procedure to remove the prostate which involves an incision in the abdomen. This surgery can often be performed laparoscopically, which means that very small incisions can be made, reducing scarring and post-surgical recovery time. With a laparoscope, the surgeon can insert a tiny camera and instruments to remove the prostate without the need for a large incision.

Surgical oncologists in New Jersey, New York, and other states do their best to spare the nerves surrounding the prostate that are required in order to obtain an erection. Of course, if all of the cancer cells cannot be removed without damaging the nerves, survival is more important than sexual functioning.

 

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